Did you know that the oldest surviving book was written in China in 868? For each of its pages, they cut out a wooden board or cliché on which was a mirror image of the text. By rubbing, they imprinted the imprint deep into the paper. The first books of woodcuts, known as woodcut books, spread mainly in the 14th century. They were made of folded and sewn sheets.
The most important factor in choosing a binding is the number of sheets or pages of a book block. If the book block has e.g. less than 32 pages, only binding with a metal spiral or sewing with wire or staple (notebook) is possible.
When the book block exceeds 80 pages or. the thickness of the back is greater than approx. 4 mm, wire binding is technically impossible to make due to the excessive thickness of the back. Even in the case of choosing a spiral binding, the thickness of the back is limited to a maximum of 23 mm.
For larger publications from 32 pages onwards, a soft cover is available. There are two ways to make a soft binding. In the first method of soft binding, the back of the book block is cut and glued to the cover, in the second method of soft binding, which provides a more durable binding, the book block is first sewn with thread or. thread and then glued to the cover. Both methods of soft binding are available from approx. 32 pages onwards, up to 800 pages or more, or up to a maximum back thickness not exceeding 50 mm.
If the printed matter is intended for rare or occasional reading, then choose a soft binding by milling and gluing, but if there is a requirement for more durable printed matter, which is often used, then we suggest a binding in which the book block is sewn with thread. In the end, opt for a cover, which can be made of cardboard (soft binding) or cardboard (hard binding).